Olive groves are usually cultivated in Mediterranean climates, which are characterised by mild winters and long, warm, dry summers. They can be grown in a wide range of soils. The figure below shows the distribution of olive groves around the world. There are different cultivation densities and systems for olive groves: traditional, intensive and hedge row (or superintensive).
- – Intensive olive grove This is a modern olive farm with a density of 200 to 300 trees/ha and a single trunk per tree to make mechanical harvesting easier.
- – Hedge row (or Superintensive olive grove): This is a modern grove with densities that vary from 900 to 2000 trees/ha with the goal of making mechanical harvesting as profitable as possible.